The election this November has a number of decisive measures and propositions on the ballot. The Aggie summarized the four measures and 11 propositions on the Nov. 6 ballot to inform voters of what to expect.
“As far as I’m concerned, the most important thing to keep in mind is that your vote counts. You should go to the polling place and cast a ballot,” said Freddie Oakley, Yolo County Clerk/Recorder from the Yolo County elections office.
The details on the measures were compiled from Ballotpedia.org, and information on the propositions was collected from the California General Election Voter Guide. More facts on each can be found at voterguide.sos.ca.gov/propositions.
Prop. 30 is Gov. Jerry Brown’s tax initiative to fund education. It aims to increase taxes on earnings over $250,000 for seven years and the sales tax by a quarter cent for four years. The money would be used for schools and public safety realignment funding.
The impact would increase tax revenues through 2018-19, with an average of about $6 billion annually. Planned cuts to education in 2012-13 would not occur. If the proposition is denied, major cuts to public education will take place and there would be no increase in taxes.
Prop. 31 would establish a two-year state budget. It would change certain fiscal responsibilities of the legislature and governor, particularly local budgeting and oversight procedures. Additionally, local governments would be able to change the application of laws governing state-funded programs in order to develop their own procedures for developing state programs.
A No vote on the proposition means that the responsibilities of the governor and legislature will not change. Local governments would not be given funding for new plans to coordinate services or the authority to develop their own procedures for administering state programs.
Voting Yes on Prop. 32 would prohibit unions and corporations from using money deducted from a worker’s paycheck for political purposes. They would be subject to additional campaign finance restrictions. It would prohibit union and corporate contributions to candidates and their committees, and contractor contributions to elected officers and their committees.
The measure would cost the state and local governments about $1 million annually to enforce the requirements. A No vote would mean the existing laws would not be altered.
This proposition would change the law to allow auto insurance companies to set prices based on drivers’ previous auto insurance with any company. Drivers with history of prior coverage are allowed a proportional discount, while those with no history of previous coverage would have increased costs.
Prop. 34 repeals the death penalty and replaces it with life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. It applies to existing death sentences. Additionally, it would give about $100 million to law enforcement agencies over the next four years for investigations of homicide and rape cases.
The fiscal impact would be savings of about $130 million annually, within a few years, but this could vary.
This proposition increases penalties for human trafficking crimes. Offenders would have increased prison sentences and fines. It would also require human traffickers to register as sex offenders, and release all of their internet activities and identities.
It would cost local and state governments a few million dollars annually to address human trafficking crimes and an annual fine revenue of a similar amount, which would be dedicated to human trafficking victims.
Prop. 36 revises the Three Strikes law to impose a life sentence only if the new felony is violent or serious. Those with two previous violent or serious felonies who commit non-serious, non-violent crimes would be given shorter prison terms. It would revise existing sentences for those who are serving life sentences for non-serious or non-violent crimes, and they would have shorter prison terms.
It is expected to save the state about $70 million annually, with even greater savings over the next decade.
Prop. 37 would require companies to label food made from plants or animals with genetically modified materials. It would not allow those foods or other processed food to be labeled as natural.
There would be some increased costs to the state to regulate the labeling of genetically modified food and governmental costs to deal with violations of the measure.
Prop. 38 would increase taxes on earnings using a sliding scale, for 12 years. The revenue would go to K-12 schools and early childhood programs, such as childcare and preschools. For the first four years, it would also go toward repaying debt.
Estimates say it would raise about $10 billion annually in the initial years.
Prop. 39 will require multistate businesses to pay income taxes based on their percentage of sales in California. Multistate businesses would no longer be able to determine their own method of calculating their state taxable income that favors their own interests. About half the revenue would be dedicated to clean and efficient energy projects. The other half would go to schools. Revenues of about $1 billion annually are predicted.
This proposition allows voters to approve or deny the new State Senate districts drawn by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission. A Yes vote would approve the new boundaries, while a No vote would reject them. If the proposition is rejected, the California Supreme Court would appoint officials to adjust the districts.
Measure E is the Davis Joint Unified School District parcel tax and, if passed, will allow a parcel tax of $204 to continue for four more years. Additionally, if Prop. 30 is defeated, the measure will allow the district to levy another parcel tax of $242 per year.
According to Ballotpedia, this measure needs a two-thirds majority to pass. The outcome of this measure will be particularly important for how the candidates elected for the Davis School Board deal with continuing budget cuts.
The City of West Sacramento will be affected by the outcome of Measure G. If passed, the money the city received from the dissolution of its redevelopment agency will be used to fund community projects like streets, bridges, transportation, parks and public infrastructure.
Measure H deals with efforts to create a more stable financial department for Yolo County. It will consolidate the offices of auditor, controller, tax collector, and treasurer and other countywide fiscal functions under a single Department of Finance by appointing a Director of Finance.
Measure Q, a Solano Community College bond proposition, will allow the community college district to borrow $348 million if approved. Fairfield, Vacaville and Vallejo are the three main campuses in the district. A 55 percent majority is needed for it to pass.
“This measure will help ensure that the college can continue to provide high-quality, affordable college options for students, active military and local veterans,” said Jowel Laguerre, the superintendent and president of the college.
PAAYAL ZAVERI can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.